By Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.
The old Greeks and Romans lived in an international teeming with animals. Animals have been quintessential to old trade, conflict, love, literature and artwork. contained in the urban they have been discovered as pets, pests, and parasites. they can be sacred, sacrificed, liminal, employees, or intruders from the wild. past town domesticated animals have been herded and bred for revenue and wild animals have been searched for excitement and achieve alike. experts like Aristotle, Aelian, Pliny and Seneca studied their anatomy and behaviour. Geographers and tourists defined new lands by way of their animals. Animals are to be obvious on each attainable inventive medium, woven into textile and inlaid into furnishings. they're the topic of proverbs, oaths and goals. Magicians, physicians and fans became to animals and their components for his or her crafts. They paraded sooner than kings, inhabited palaces, and entertained the bad within the enviornment. rather actually, animals pervaded the traditional international from A-Z.
In entries starting from brief to lengthy, Kenneth Kitchell deals perception into this usually neglected international, protecting consultant and fascinating examples of mammals, reptiles, amphibians and invertebrates. ordinary animals reminiscent of the cow, puppy, fox and donkey are taken care of in addition to extra unique animals equivalent to the babirussa, pangolin, and dugong. The proof adduced levels from Minoan occasions to the past due Roman Empire and is taken from archaeology, historical authors, inscriptions, papyri, cash, mosaics and all different inventive media. at any time when attainable reasoned identifications are given for historical animal names and the realities in the back of animal lore are introduced forth. Why did the ancients imagine hippopotamuses practiced blood letting on themselves? How do you capture a monkey? Why have been hyenas regarded as hermaphroditic? was once there fairly a vampire moth? Entries are followed through complete citations to historic authors and an intensive bibliography.
Of use to Classics scholars and students, yet written in a mode designed to interact a person drawn to Greco-Roman antiquity, Animals within the old international from A to Z finds the level and significance of the animal international to the traditional Greeks and Romans. It solutions many questions, asks a number of extra, and seeks to stimulate additional study during this very important box.
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Animals in the Ancient World from A to Z by Kenneth F. Kitchell Jr.